A Tenant’s Right to Relocation Expenses for an Illegal Occupancy in New Jersey
A tenant in an illegal apartment may be entitled to relocation expenses if the landlord attempts to evict the tenant due to the illegal occupancy.
N.J.S.A 2A:18-61.1g(3) permits a landlord to evict a tenant where the landlord “seeks to correct an illegal occupancy because he has been cited by local or State housing inspectors or zoning officers and it is unfeasible to correct such illegal occupancy without removing the tenant.” This situation is most common where an owner of a home zoned as a one or two-family home rents out the basement or attic of the home to a tenant as a separate dwelling unit from the first and second-floor apartments. If a landlord attempts to evict a tenant because the landlord has been cited by local or State housing inspectors for renting out an illegal apartment, the landlord must file a complaint for possession of the illegal unit in the Superior Court landlord-tenant division in order to remove the tenant. The landlord cannot simply lock out the tenant himself without going to court. However, before evicting the tenant the landlord must pay the tenant the equivalent of six months’ rent as relocation expenses. This sum must be paid at least five days before a court-ordered lockout removing the tenant.